Cacao bean (also Anglicized as cocoa bean,often simply cocoa // and cacao//; Mayan: kakaw; Nahuatl: cacahuatl[ka'kawat͡ɬ]) is the dried and fully fermented fatty bean of Theobroma cacao, from whichcocoa solids and cocoa butter are extracted.They are the basis of chocolate, as well as many Mesoamerican foods such as mole sauceand tejate.
A cocoa pod (fruit) has a rough and leathery rind about 3 cm thick (this varies with the origin and variety of pod). It is filled with sweet,mucilaginous pulp (called 'baba de cacao' in South America) enclosing 30 to 50 large seeds that are fairly soft and white to a pale lavender color. While seeds are usually white, they become violet or reddish brown during the drying process. The exception is rare varieties of white cacao, in which the seeds remain white. Historically, white cacao was cultivated by the Rama people ofNicaragua.